At the end of the Iron Age, people from northwestern Iberian Peninsula conformed already a homogeneous cultural unity which differentiated themselves from others and which later would be identified by the early Greek and Latin authors, calling to this group of peoples with the name of Gallaeci (Galicians).
- Sample :
- Brief anthropological analysis :
- Type 1 : Dark complexion, leptomorphic, gracile general features, narrow "horsy" face, long and narrow nose, high cheekbones, a rather broad jaw, close-set eyes (rather light on average), rather narrow eyelids
I have already identified this leptomorphic "horsy" type in Western Iberia countless times, not taking pigmentation into account. I associate it strongly with Portugal. One can already notice the strong "Nordoid" trends in some individuals which are absolutely prevailing around Braga for instance.
The difference with other Portuguese or Galician samples so far is that this sample is rather on par with Asturian samples as far as brachy/lepto distribution is concerned : to sum up, following Alpinoid types are much more frequent than such "horsy" types.
- Type 2 : Dark complexion (dark hair but rather pale skin), brachymorphic, broad face, round features, short and broad nose, wide-set eyes, wide-spaced sloping and rather chinky eyes
This type is abundantly found in Portuguese and adjacent NW Spanish areas : wide-spaced sloping eyes, a short broad nose and thick browridges are quite ethnic. Fairer individuals than usual are not rare as well.
Eventually, still rather brachymorphic, showing features identified on the previous individuals ("puffy" ones), are individuals which are some sort of combo of both ideal types. They might constitute an average Galician as proved by the morphotype.
- Final morphotypes :