In two recently published books, Blood of the Isles, by Brian Sykes and The Origins of the British, by Stephen Oppenheimer, both authors state that according to genetic evidence, most Welsh people and most Britons descend from the Iberian Peninsula, as a result of different migrations that took place during the Mesolithic and the Neolithic eras, and which laid the foundations for the present-day populations in the British Isles, indicating an ancient relationship among the populations of Atlantic Europe. According to Stephen Oppenheimer 96% of lineages in Llangefni in north Wales derive from Iberia. Genetic research on the Y-chromosome has shown that the Welsh, like the Irish, share a large proportion of their ancestry with the Basques of Northern Spain and South Western France, although the Welsh have a greater presumed Neolithic input than both the Irish and the Basques. Genetic marker R1b averages from 83-89% amongst the Welsh.
- Sample :
- Brief anthropological analysis :
This type undoubtedly is the living proof of the many links between Atlantic nations in Europe from Portugal to the British Isles. A depigmented variant of that subtype could be said to be the quintessential British look.
The following variant might be specifically more Welsh-looking : it's characterized by a more arched nose and a stronger chin. Women are noticeably more square-headed.
- Type 2 : Dark,brachymorphic, little and low-rooted nose, wide set eyes, soft general features
In essence, one can say that locals all exhibit a "British flavour" that somehow hints to a common Paleolithic past with Iberia and Western France. Some comparisons between Welsh people from Anglesey and Gascon people from SW France (essentially from the Landes) to prove my point : such comparisons could easily be extended to the whole Iberian Peninsula and Western France.
SW France :
- Final morphotypes :